2023年11月2日 星期四

Falsehoods Follow Close Behind This Summer’s Natural Disasters 氣候陰謀論 粉飾今夏天災

【先探投資週刊電子報】提供潛力股報導,及分析台股、大盤趨勢、個股漲跌。讓你掌握股市,貼近台股趨勢! 誰能幫你邁向健康人生?週週提供最新的健康情資,【常春EVERGREEN】幫你的健康打底,人生加分!
★ 無法正常瀏覽內容,請按這裡線上閱讀
新聞  健康  udn部落格  
2023/11/03 第457期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份
紐時周報精選 Falsehoods Follow Close Behind This Summer's Natural Disasters 氣候陰謀論 粉飾今夏天災
Graft Continues to Be a Fight, and a Headache, for Ukraine 前方吃緊後方緊吃 烏國忙掃貪
Falsehoods Follow Close Behind This Summer's Natural Disasters 氣候陰謀論 粉飾今夏天災
文/Tiffany Hsu

氣候陰謀論 粉飾今夏天災

As natural disasters and extreme environmental conditions became more commonplace around the world this summer, scientists pointed repeatedly to a shared driver: climate change.


Conspiracy theorists pointed to anything but.


Some claimed falsely that the record-smashing heat waves blistering parts of North America, Europe and Asia were normal and that they had been sensationalized as part of a globalist hoax.


Others made up tales that cloud-seeding airplanes or a nearby dam, rather than torrential rains, had caused the unusually intense flooding in northern Italy (and in places like Vermont and Rwanda).


The devastating wildfire on Maui last month produced especially ludicrous claims. Social media that racked up millions of views blamed the blaze on a "directed energy weapon" (the evidence: years-old footage not recorded in Hawaii). And as Florida braced last month for Hurricane Idalia, some people claimed incorrectly online that such storms are not affected by fossil fuel emissions.


The unfounded claims that now regularly follow natural disasters and dangerous weather, contradicting a preponderance of scientific evidence, can often seem frivolous and fantastical. They persist, however — attracting large audiences and frustrating climate experts, who say the world has little time to evade a global warming catastrophe.


"It's really one of the worst challenges we have to deal with," said Eleni Myrivili, chief heat officer for the United Nations human settlements program.


After holding a similar role for the city of Athens, which was threatened by a ruinous spate of wildfires last month, Myrivili said climate misinformation was "one of the most painful things because it's like adding insult to injury."


Scientists and other climate change experts are being besieged by personal attacks, including claims that they are shills for a globalist cabal or other shadowy forces, said Jennie King, head of climate research and policy at the Institute for Strategic Dialogue, a think tank that studies online platforms. Eroding trust in experts traps everyone in an "antechamber of discussion," bickering about credibility rather than taking action.


"The danger is not that people hold unpalatable views in and of themselves," she said. "It's more our inability to have a good-faith conversation about these absolutely critical issues in the years ahead."


Graft Continues to Be a Fight, and a Headache, for Ukraine 前方吃緊後方緊吃 烏國忙掃貪
文/Andrew E. Kramer

前方吃緊後方緊吃 烏國忙掃貪

The removal of Ukraine's minister of defense after a flurry of reports of graft and financial mismanagement in his department underscores a pivotal challenge for President Volodymyr Zelenskyy's wartime leadership: stamping out the corruption that had been widespread in Ukraine for years.


Official corruption was a topic that had been mostly taboo throughout the first year of the war, as Ukrainians rallied around their government in a fight for national survival. But Zelenskyy's announcement that he was replacing the defense minister, Oleksii Reznikov, elevated the issue to the highest level of Ukrainian politics.


It comes at a pivotal moment in the war, as Ukraine prosecutes a counteroffensive in the country's south and east that relies heavily on Western allies for military assistance. These allies have, since the beginning of the war, pressured Zelenskyy's government to ensure that Ukrainian officials were not siphoning off some of the billions of dollars in aid that was flowing into Kyiv.


Zelenskyy has responded to the pressure from allies and criticism at home with a flurry of anti-corruption initiatives, not all of them welcomed by experts on government transparency. The most controversial has been a proposal to use martial law powers to punish corruption as treason.


Reznikov has not been personally implicated in the allegations of mismanaged military contracts. But the widening investigations at his ministry posed a first significant challenge for the government on anti-corruption measures since the start of Russia's full-scale invasion.


"The question here is, 'Where is the money?'" said Daria Kaleniuk, the executive director of the Anti-Corruption Action Center in Ukraine, a group dedicated to rooting out public graft that is now focused on war profiteering.


"Corruption can kill," Kaleniuk said. "Depending on how effective we are in guarding the public funds, the soldier will either have a weapon or not have a weapon."


That high-level cases of corruption are coming to light is positive, said Andrii Borovyk, director of Transparency International in Ukraine, rather than an indication of a nation bogged down by insider dealing. It shows that the country can fight the war and graft at the same time, he said.


"Scandals are good," he said. "The war," Borovyk added, "cannot be an excuse to stop fighting corruption."


Twitter更名X Corp凸顯品牌重塑的挑戰
科技狂人馬斯克的一舉一動,都會成為各方關注的焦點。他最新一個壯舉,就是將他收購的社群媒體推特(Twitter) 更名為X Corp。這個更名動作,雖引發Twitter 用戶的抗議,馬斯克仍以「雖千萬人吾往矣」的態度推動到底。雖然其成敗仍有待觀察,卻也凸顯出馬斯克的經營理念與企業以更名方式推動品牌重塑的挑戰。

  免費電子報 | 著作權聲明 | 隱私權聲明 | 聯絡我們