From around the late sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century, there was a new type of art in Europe. It was called Baroque. There were Baroque artists in every European country. So they all had slightly different styles. But there were many similarities that Baroque artists shared.
For one, there were often contrasts between light and dark in Baroque paintings. The artists also focused on movement. And they stressed facial expressions in the figures they painted. This was one way they tried to show emotions in their paintings. The works of Baroque artists also had symbolic or moralizing meanings. Many Baroque artists painted religious topics, too.
One very important characteristic was that Baroque artists were realists. So they painted their subjects as realistically as possible. They knew about perspective. So they could show things such as size and distance. They were also able to use the space in their paintings very well. This ability made many Baroque artists quite famous. Today, people still admire the works of artists such as El Greco, Rembrandt, and Caravaggio.